July 14, 2024

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Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki

Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki visits Egypt

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Today, the visit of Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki to Egypt has ignited speculation and intrigue as the geopolitics of the Horn of Africa take center stage. Departing for Cairo, Isaias Afwerki’s visit comes in the wake of Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud’s recent presence in Egypt, raising questions about the agenda and potential regional implications.

Agenda and Foreign Policy Focus

Officially confirmed by the Eritrean government, the three-day visit of Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki is at the invitation of the Egyptian President. Notably, the absence of officials from the Ministry of Commerce or Trade accompanying him indicates that the agenda leans heavily towards foreign policy matters.

The timing of this diplomatic engagement is noteworthy, given Isaias Afwerki’s recent return from Italy, where he participated in the Italy Africa Summit. Despite the two-day summit, the Eritrean President extended his stay to around ten days, emphasizing the significance of the diplomatic ties.

Regional Dynamics: Ethiopia, Somalia, and Somaliland

The focal point of the discussions between Eritrea and Egypt appears to be the intricate regional dynamics involving Ethiopia, Somalia, and Somaliland. Additionally, tensions between Ethiopia and Somalia, exacerbated by Ethiopia’s signing of an MoU with Somaliland to gain access to the sea, have become a cause for concern.

Eritrea and Egypt, both unofficial allies, see an opportunity to leverage these tensions to their advantage. So, the potential formation of an alliance against Ethiopia hinted at in recent weeks, could reshape the power dynamics in the Horn of Africa.

Challenges and Cautionary Notes

While these diplomatic maneuvers unfold, there is a pressing need for caution and bilateral dialogue. A potential armed conflict between Somalia and Ethiopia could draw in regional and Middle Eastern players, creating a complex and volatile situation. The Eritrean government, in particular, aims to avoid being perceived as actively forging an anti-Ethiopia alliance, maintaining a delicate balance in regional politics.


As Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki engages in talks with Egyptian counterparts, the region watches closely for signs of a shift in alliances and geopolitical strategies. Moreover, the unresolved tensions between Ethiopia, Somalia, and Somaliland underscore the challenges in the Horn of Africa, emphasizing the need for diplomatic solutions and regional stability.