April 16, 2024

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Critical Review of Pretoria Deal Kicks Off in Addis Ababa

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In the heart of Adis Ababa, a significant event is unfolding — the commencement of the first comprehensive review of the Pretoria deal, marking a critical milestone in the ongoing talks between the Tigray region and the federal government of Ethiopia.

Key Players and Attendees

At the pivotal meeting are top leaders and national representatives from the Tigray region and the federal government. Intelligence agency chiefs and key figures, including those previously rumored to face health issues, have returned, dispelling uncertainties and signaling a unified front addressing the complex problems.

From Tigray, Debretsion Gebremichael, Getachew Reda, General Tadesse Werede, and General Tsadkan are attending the talks. Federal govt is being represented by Intelligence Agency Chief Redwan Hussein, Justice Minister Gideon Timotheos and other. Mike Hammer, US special envoy to HoA is participating too. AU chairperson Musa Faki is chairing the meeting with Olusegun Obasanjo, Uhurru Kenyatta, and others attending.

Unresolved Issues on the Table

The agenda for this meeting encompasses a spectrum of unresolved issues lingering since the signing of the Pretoria deal in November 2022. These include the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs), the demobilization of armed forces, the integration of regional military entities and the adjustment of federal determination of the future status of disputed territories etc.

International Observers and Mediators

Recognizing the gravity of the situation, international observers from the United States, the African Union, the European Union, and other entities have been actively involved. Moreover, their presence underscores the global concern and commitment to facilitating diplomatic efforts to resolve the intricate problems between the conflicting parties.

The Need for a New Agreement

The lapse of one and a half years since the signing of the Pretoria deal has necessitated a comprehensive review. Additionally, this review is crucial for resolving existing disputes and paving the way for a new agreement that addresses the evolving dynamics between the Tigray region and the federal government.

International Attention and Diplomatic Efforts

As tensions escalate and the need for a swift resolution becomes apparent, the international community closely monitors the progress of these talks. The involvement of diplomatic channels, including the African Union, the United States, and the European Union, highlights the collective effort to steer both parties toward a sustainable and equitable agreement.


The ongoing comprehensive review of the Pretoria deal marks a turning point in Ethiopian affairs. Moreover, the dialogue between the Tigray region and the federal government holds the potential to address immediate concerns and set the stage for a more stable and cooperative future. Additionally, the discussions unfold, the world eagerly awaits, hoping for a diplomatic breakthrough that paves the way for lasting peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia.

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