July 14, 2024

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TPLF and Federal Government to Resume Dialogue

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As Ethiopia grapples with complex dynamics, a pivotal development emerges as a critical dialogue between the TPLF (Tigray People’s Liberation Front) and the Ethiopian federal government. This dialogue, set against a backdrop of unresolved tensions, seeks to address critical issues stemming from implementing the Pretoria deal.

Unresolved Issues Fueling Tensions

The foundation of this dialogue rests on a series of unresolved issues encapsulated in the Pretoria Deal. Tigray’s government, led by the TPLF, has expressed frustration with the federal government’s handling of critical matters. Moreover, these include the future status of disputed territories, the return of internally displaced persons (IDPs), incomplete demobilization of TDF members, and the lingering question of transitional justice. The absence of decisions on these fronts has heightened tensions and prompted the call for dialogue.

African Union Mediation

In response to the impasse, the TPLF has proposed African Union mediation, underscoring the need for a neutral arbiter to facilitate discussions. The African Union is poised to host this dialogue, bringing together representatives from the TPLF and the federal government. The participation of Mike Hammer, US special envoy to HoA, emphasizes the international significance of this meeting.

Mike Hammer’s Role

Mike Hammer’s attendance at the dialogue underscores the international community’s recognition of the gravity of the situation. His presence signals a commitment to facilitating a diplomatic resolution and highlights the importance of external involvement in addressing Ethiopia’s internal challenges. The U.S. State Department’s confirmation of Hammer’s visit further solidifies the global interest in finding a sustainable solution to the ongoing tensions.

Unresolved Issues on the Table

The crux of the dialogue revolves around the Pretoria deal’s implementation and the persistent grievances raised by the TPLF. The government of Tigray contends that the Pretoria Deal, which silenced guns, has not addressed fundamental issues. The demand for the restoration of TPLF’s political status takes center stage, accompanied by additional demands such as the organization of elections in Tigray and an end to the term of the interim government in the region.

Accusations and Concerns

Accusations have been levied against the TPLF, with some suggesting that the group is resorting to pressure tactics on the federal government. Moreover, Speculation has even arisen regarding the potential preparation for a new conflict. The dialogue becomes a platform for addressing grievances and a crucial opportunity to dispel suspicions and build trust between the opposing parties.

Getachew Reda’s Absence

The absence of Getachew Reda, the interim President of Tigray, adds an intriguing element to the upcoming dialogue. While the Ethiopian President attended recent Adwa celebrations in Tigray, Getachew Reda was notably absent. Speculations about his whereabouts and the potential impact of his participation or non-participation in the dialogue add a layer of uncertainty to the proceedings.

Final Words

As the dialogue unfolds in the coming days, the international community watches closely, hopeful for progress but mindful of the challenges. Resolving the issues on the table could pave the way for de-escalation and restoring stability in the region. Whether this dialogue marks a turning point in Ethiopia’s complex political landscape or perpetuates existing tensions remains to be seen.

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