April 16, 2024

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Analysis of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s Shifting Power Dynamics

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Diving into the intricacies of Ethiopian politics, this exploration seeks to dissect the dynamic transformation of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s influence, examining the period spanning from the turbulent year of 2020 to the nuanced landscape of 2024.

Abiy’s Crucible in 2020

The geopolitical stage in 2020 was set against the backdrop of the Tigray conflict, laying bare vulnerabilities in Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s military strategy. The Ethiopian Northern Command faced a formidable challenge from the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). While external support from Eritrea mitigated the military setback, it exposed a fragility in Abiy’s armed forces. On the political front, however, Abiy enjoyed a significant stronghold in regions like Amhara, showcasing a united front against the common adversary, TPLF.

A Tapestry of Change

Fast forward to 2024, and Ethiopia’s political and military landscape has undergone significant transformations. Militarily, the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) has undergone a metamorphosis, armed with advanced weaponry and battle-hardened experience from the Tigray conflict, portraying a visibly strengthened force under Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s leadership. However, the political narrative tells a contrasting tale. The once-solid support base in Amhara has eroded, which is evident in internal strife and arrests within Abiy’s own Prosperity Party, reflecting a weakened political standing.

Regional Realignment

Beyond Ethiopia’s borders, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s regional alliances, once robust, have witnessed a noticeable shift. Allies such as Somalia and Eritrea have recalibrated their diplomatic ties, portraying a weakened regional influence for Abiy compared to the diplomatic high of 2020. Djibouti’s recent realignment further accentuates Abiy’s diminished regional standing.

Rivals on the Horizon

As Prime Minister Abiy navigates these changes, opposition forces have evolved, with the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA), Fano, and TDF emerging as a potent rival. However, their impact remains tempered by internal disarray, as opposition groups lack the unity required to mount a formidable challenge to Abiy’s rule. This fragmented opposition plays into Abiy’s strategic advantage, offering him a buffer against immediate threats to his leadership.


In concluding this analysis, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed finds himself at a crossroads. Militarily fortified but politically challenged, he grapples with a transformed regional scenario and fragmented opposition. The path forward remains uncertain, contingent on the interplay of forces in this ever-evolving political landscape. Abiy’s ability to navigate these complexities will determine the trajectory of Ethiopia’s political future.

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